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On Materialist Darwinian Cosmic Megaverse Landscape Strung together by Leonard Susskind

Graham P. Smetham


In his book The Cosmic Landscape: String Theory and the Illusion of Intelligent Design, Leonard Susskind attempts to use String Theory and a Multiverse-Megaverse Cosmic Landscape to undermine Anthropic perspectives and argues for a materialist cosmic Darwinism in which any notion of the importance of consciousness and Anthropic implications in the process of reality is rejected. In this article I hope to demonstrate that his argument is deficient.  Consciousness is shown to be a primary requirement in the creation and evolution of the universe.

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